Endodontic treatment is very important when the pulp and soft tissues inside your teeth are inflamed or infected. Root canal treatment (RCT) is one such type of treatment that is the last resort treatment method to save a severely infected tooth.
Understanding the Root Canal Cavity
It is the central cavity in our teeth that is filled with dental pulp. This pulp contains nerves and blood vessels. When the bacteria in the mouth enter the root canal cavity, it can cause a severe dental condition called root canal infection. An endodontist is specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of dental pulp.
The symptoms of root canal infection include pain, swollen gums, sensitivity to hot or cold foods, tenderness or sore gums, difficulty in chewing, and discoloration of teeth.
What are the Causes of Root Canal Infection?
Plaque and tartar adhered to the tooth surface can erode the enamel. If not treated at the right time, it can decay the tooth and infect the root canal cavity.
Accidents or injuries can cause the teeth to chip, crack or even break. This makes microbes penetrate under the teeth and erode the pulp. Restorations like veneers, crowns, dental bonding, etc., can prevent the teeth from any such happenings, but if not, it can cause a root canal infection.
Periodontitis is one of the most severe gum diseases which can entirely ruin your oral health. It is caused due to poor oral hygiene and can damage the gums and jawbone. Microbes can gradually make their way to the tooth roots and cause an infection.
How is a Root Canal Infection Treated?
It is important to remove the infected tooth pulp to cure a root canal infection. During your first visit, your dentist will thoroughly examine the situation by taking scans and X-rays of the infected teeth. We will check if there are other possible treatments, but if not, you will be prepared for root canal therapy.
The procedure will begin with administering local anesthesia to numb the surrounding gums, jawbone, and teeth. Your dentist will make a small hole in the infected tooth and extract the dental pulp using dental instruments. We will then scrub the walls to clean any microbes adhered to the walls of the cavity. A water spray will be used to clear out the debris, and some amount of antibacterial medication will be put in to prevent reinfection. Next, a post and a crown will be used to restore and protect the treated tooth, which otherwise would be weak.
Follow-up consultations along with maintaining good oral hygiene are very important to prevent any reinfection. With proper care, your teeth will be able to function well.
Please reach out to our dental practice in Houston, TX, to have a consultation with our dentist, Dr. Seretti. Please call us at (281) 486-9440 or schedule an online consultation, and we’ll guide you further.